The table presents transports to the Treblinka extermination camp from all localities found so far. Resettlements of residents from other localities to the places from where they were sent to Treblinka are also included where possible. The dates of the resettlements and the dates of the transports to Treblinka are also given.
Almost all of the deportations were conducted from German-occupied Poland. The few that were from outside the area are described with the country.
In most cases, the number of deportees given is approximate.
Rules adopted in the table:
Filtering cities – by names with Polish characters (as in the table).
The search covers all fields. Cities can be searched by names with or without Polish characters.
|wdt_ID||City||Date of resettlement||Date of resettlement||City to which resettled||Date of transport to Treblinka||Date of transport to Treblinka||Number of deportees||History of extermination||Cities from which resettled||First deportations||City (latin)|
|367||Abramowo||January 1942||01.01.1942||Kamieniec Litewski, Wysokie Litewskie (train station)||09 or 12.11.1942||09.11.1942||27||In January 1942, the Germans deported all the Jewish inhabitants of Abramow to the ghetto in Kamieniec Litewski. On November 9, 1942, the Jewish community of Abramów and the surrounding area was taken to the railway station in Wysokie Litewskie, and from there transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|Abramowo Kamieniec Litewski Wysokie Litewskie|
|368||Adamów||October 1942||30.10.1942||Łuków||26-27.10 and 07-11.11.1942||26.10.1942||1.724||The liquidation of the ghetto began in mid-October 1942. More than 300 elderly and infirm people were shot dead in the suburbs of the settlement in a meadow situated to the west of the church. The victims’ bodies were buried in the field, approximately 500 kilometers away from the execution site in the direction of the village of Glinne. Most of the remaining 1,724 people were displaced to the Łuków ghetto. On October 26-27 and November 7-11, they were sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka along with the Jews from Kock, Wojcieszków, Stanina and other neighboring towns and villages. A small group of Jews who worked in the local labor camp remained in the settlement. The camp was ultimately liquidated in August 1943.
|Adamow Lukow Kock Wojcieszkow Stanin|
|369||Andrzejewo||1942||01.09.1942||Pursuant to a Ribbentrop-Molotov treaty, Andrzejewo was subjected to the Soviet occupation at the end of September, 1939. In June, 1941 Germans invaded the town again.The era of Nazi occupation was above all the ordeal of Andrzejewo Jews. In the fall of 1941 the Nazis slaughtered Jewish population of Andrzejewo, Czyzew and Zareby Koscielne. In 1942 those who survived were deported to Treblinka where they were exterminated.
|Czyżewo, Zaręby Kościelne||Andrzejewo Czyzewo Zareby Koscielne Mianowek|
|370||Augustów||01.11.1942||01.11.1942||Bogusze||10.11.1942||10.11.1942||2.000||1. The Germans annihilated the Augustow ghetto in November and December 1942. On November 2nd, all the inhabitants from the Augustow ghetto – mostly women and children – were deported to a transit camp in Bogusze, near Grajewo. In the camp, there were about 7,000 Jews imprisoned at that time so the living conditions were so difficult that about 1,700 people died in the course of a few weeks. In December 1942 and January 1943, the Augustow Jews were deported from the camp in Bogusze to the extermination camps in Treblinka and Auschwitz-Birkenau where most of them were murdered in gas chambers.
2. Between November 10 and December 15, 2,000 Jews from Augustów were transported from the Bogusze camp complex to Treblinka.
3. On November 2, 1942, the Germans surrounded the ghetto. All of the Jews inside were transferred by foot and wagon to a transit camp near the village of Bogusza (today Prustiki) near Gajewo. There, every prisoner was given only 100 grams of bread daily as well as thin soup. Many people got sick and died in the camp under these conditions. The first transport of 5,000 Jews set out from Bogusza to Treblinka in the middle of December 1942. On January 7, 1943, the second transport from Bogusza arrived in Auschwitz. After the selection, the Germans left about 500 men and women in the Auschwitz Camp. With the exception of a few, all of them perished in Auschwitz some time later.
"Pinkas Hakehillot Polin, 'Augustów' - Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, Volume IV, Published by Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, 1989"
|Augustów Bogusze Grajewo|
|371||Baczki||23–25.09.1942||23.09.1942||1.665||On 23-25 September 1942, the Jews of Baczki were deported and then exterminated in the German Nazi death camp Treblinka. Some of those, who tried to hide in the forests were pursued and given up to the occupants by peasants.
|372||Bałtów - Pętkowice||24.09.1942||24.09.1942||Tarłów, Jasice (train station)||29.10.1942||29.10.1942||100||On September 24, 1942, Jews from Bałtów Pętkowice were resettled to the ghetto in Tarłów. The ghetto in Tarłów was liquidated on October 29 - the Jews in it were transported to Treblinka from the railway station in Jasice.
|Baltow Petkowice Tarlow Jasice|
|373||Biała Podlaska||26.09-01.10.1942||26.09.1942||Międzyrzec Podlaski||06.10.1942||06.10.1942||6.000||1. The dissolution of the ghetto began on 10 June 1942. A group of over 3,000 Jews from Biała Podlaska was deported to the death camp in Sobibór. Over the following months, people from dissolved ghettos in smaller localities were resettled in Biała Podlaska, i.a. 378 Jews from Podedwórze, 1,883 Jews from Janów Podlaski and 1,150 Jews from Konstantynów. In September 1942, the final dissolution began. Ca. 3,600 Jewish people were killed in the town in September and October. Some of them were executed inside the ghetto (ca. 600 people), some at the cemetery (ca. 1,000 people) and others at the square called “Popówka” (ca. 2,000 people). The remaining Jews from Biała Podlaska, together with those from Podedwórze, Janów Podlaski and Konstantynów (ca. 6,000 people in total) were transported in wagons and later forced to go on foot to Międzyrzec Podlaski. The Jewish people gathered in Międzyrzec were transported by trains to the death camp in Treblinka.
2. In September, about 1,800 Jews from Janów Podlaski were displaced through Biała Podlaska, from 700 to 1,150 Jews from Konstantynów, and 378 from Podedworze to Międzyrzec Podlaski, from where most were deported to Treblinka. Together with them, between September 26 and October 1, about 4,800 Jews from Biała Podlaska were deported there in carts and on foot. On October 6, 1942, the German occupiers deported to Międzyrzec Podlaski about 1,200 Jews forced to work in labor camps located around Biała Podlaska. Apart from a few people who escaped and took refuge in the nearby forests, all the forced laborers, along with 1,500-2,000 Jews from Biała Podlaska who had been displaced there earlier, were deported to the Treblinka extermination camp.
3. In September 1942, the Germans began to liquidate the ghetto in Biała Podlaska. Between 3,500 and 4,000 Jews were murdered then. In the ghetto itself, in the city of Biała Podlaska, about 500 Jews were shot, and about 1,000 Jews were shot at the Jewish cemetery - the Jewish cemetery. On that day, the execution of the ghetto inhabitants took place on the square called "Popówka", during which about 2,000 Jews were shot. The surviving Jews, including the Jewish population from Janów Podlaski and Konstantynów, about 6,000 people, were sent on foot to Międzyrzec Podlaski. There, within the ghetto, a rally point was organized with the Jews from Radzyń Podlaski and Parczew who had been previously placed there. Such transports took place on September 26 and October 6, 1942. From Międzyrzec Podlaski, the Jewish population was then transported by rail to the mass extermination camp in Treblinka. In July 1943, the last transport of Jews from Międzyrzec Podlaski left for Treblinka, and in the period from September 1942 to July 1943, the Germans murdered about a thousand Jews from Podlasie in and around Międzyrzec.
|Boćki, Janów Podlaski, Konstantynów, Mława, Podedwórze, Serock, Suwałki, Wisznice||In September 1939, Biała Podlaska was conquered by the Soviet Army, and in October the German Army entered the town. In December, Germans deported about 3,000 Jewish people from Suwałki and Serock to Biała, and some time later – about 1,000 Jewish POWs, i.e. soldiers of the Polish Army imprisoned by the Soviet Army. Germans also demolished the brick synagogue located at Szkolny Dwór Street. From 1941 to 17 November 1942, a labour camp for Jews existed in Biała Podlaska. It was called “Vineta” and was located in barracks in the suburbs of the Wola district. Its prisoners (around 3,000 people) worked in locksmith workshops and performed melioration works.
|Biala Podlaska Miedzyrzec Podlaski Bocki Janow Podlaski Konstantynow Mlawa Podedworze Serock Suwalki Wisznice Podedworze Radzyn Podlaski Parczew|
|374||Biała Podlaska||July 1943||01.07.1943||1.200||The last transport of Jews to Treblinka departed from Biała Podlaska in July 1943.
|375||Biała Rawska||Rawa Mazowiecka (train station)||26 or 27.10.1942||27.10.1942||4.000||1. In n September 1939, the town was seized by Germans, who immediately ordered for all residents (both Poles and Jews) to gather on the market square. They filmed the assembly and used the footage for their own propaganda purposes. In the autumn of 1941, the occupiers created a ghetto (between Gęsia, Brukowa, Narutowicza, Mickiewicza, Szeroka and Zakątna streets) with nearly 6,000 Jews from Biała, Piaseczno, and Żyrardów. Many of them died of hunger and disease. The ghetto was liquidated on 27 October 1942. Its inhabitants were transported to Rawa Mazowiecka, and later to the Nazi German death camp of Treblinka II.
2. On October 26, 1942, the liquidation action in the Biała Rawska ghetto took place. About 4,000 Jews were relocated to the Rawa Mazowiecka ghetto, where upon arrival they had to sleep on the street. The next morning, the ghetto in Rawa Mazowiecka was surrounded and the liquidation operation began. Jews from Biała Rawska together with Jews from Rawa Mazowiecka left the Rawa railway station for the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|Piaseczno, Żyrardów||Biala Rawska Rawa Mazowiecka Piaseczno Zyrardow|
|376||Białaczów||02.10.1942||02.10.1942||Opoczno||27.10.1942||27.10.1942||250||Among the 3,000 Jews deported on October 27, 1942 from Opoczno to Treblinka, there were 250 Jews from Białaczów, who were expelled from there on October 2.
|Płock||Bialaczow Opoczno Plock|
|377||Białobrzegi||Dobieszyn (train station)||01.09.1942 or 01.10.1942||01.09.1942||3.500||1. The final liquidation of the ghetto was carried out by the Germans in September or October 1942. From among the Jews gathered in the market square, the Germans selected about 100 young people able to work. The rest, about 3,500 people, were rushed towards Dobieszyn. During the march, the escorts beat and murdered those who were unable to keep up with the column. Those who reached the place were awaited in cattle cars, in which they were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka, where they died in the gas chambers.
2. Probably on September 1 (October 1 is also given) the ghetto in Białobrzegi was liquidated. Among the Jews from Białobrzegi, there were also Jews resettled here from previously liquidated ghettos in Stromiec (about 300 people, mid-June), Wyśmierzyce (500 people, August 20), Jedlińsk (1000 people, August). All the Jews were gathered in the market square. 100 healthy and strong Jews were selected and sent to a labor camp. About 200 old and sick people were taken to the Jewish cemetery, where they were shot and buried in a mass grave. About 3,500 Jews formed a column that went through Stromiec to the railway station in Dobieszyn. The train with Jews from Białobrzegi and Stromiec, Jedlińsk and Wyśmierzyce left the station in Dobieszyn for the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|Przytyk, Stromiec, Wyśmierzyce, Warsaw, Jedlińsk, Warka, Mogielnica, Grójec, Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą||The Germans resettled Jews from other towns to Białobrzegi. In the spring of 1941, 53 families from Przytyk arrived here. The Jewish population also came from Stromiec and Wyśmierzyce. In May and August 1941, Jews from Warsaw were also deported here. In July or August 1942, Jews from Jedlińsk arrived in Białobrzegi. The Jewish population of Warka, Mogielnica, Grójec and Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą also ended up here. Some of the arrivals were refugees from other towns, who hoped to find better living conditions in Białobrzegi. Most of them were complete paupers.
|Bialobrzegi Dobieszyn Przytyk Stromiec Wysmierzyce Warsaw Jedlinsk Warka Mogielnica Grojec Nowe Miasto nad Pilica|
|378||Białystok||05-12.02.1943||05.02.1943||10.000||1. The dissolution of the ghetto started in February 1943. The first act was the murder carried out from 5 to 12 February 1943 on some 1,000 to 2,000 people, who were shot dead on the spot while about 10,000 people were driven out from the Fabryczny (Poleski) Railway Station to the extermination camp in Treblinka. On 13 March 1943, 1,148 people from the dissolved ghetto in Grodno were brought into the ghetto in Białystok. During the dissolution process, members of the resistance movement started feverish preparations to put up armed resistance in case of future deportations, which finally started in August 1943.
2. On February 5, the liquidation of the ghetto in Białystok began. On February 5-12, 1943, the first "action" was carried out, during which 1,000-2,000 people were shot on the spot. people, and about 10 thousand. transported from the Fabryczna Railway Station (Poleski) to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
3. Transports from the Białystok ghetto according to the train schedule: Fahrplananordnung Nr. 552 Bialystok - Treblinka 10,000 from February 9 to 13, 1943
|379||Białystok||18-20.08.1943||18.08.1943||10.000||1. After the uprising had been suppressed, deportations continued on between 18 and 20 August. Jews capable of working were sent to labor camps, such as the one in Poniatowa, in the Lubelskie district. Also then, some 12,000 people from the Białystok ghetto were sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka (10 transportations) and to Auschwitz (2 transportations). Around 1,200 Jewish children from Białystok were sent to the ghetto in Terezin (Theresienstadt), in the Czech Republic, where they were kept for about six weeks. In the mean time, Germans took up negotiations concerning the possibility of exchanging Jewish children for German citizens who had been imprisoned by the British. When the talks resulted in a lack of consensus, on 5 October 1943, 1,196 children and their 53 caretakers were transported to the Auschwitz concentration camp; two days later all of them were killed in gas chambers.
2. Transports from the Białystok ghetto according to the train schedule: Fahrplananordnung Nr. 290; Bialystok - Treblinka 18.08.1943
|Bialystok Poniatowa Terezin|
|380||Białystok - transit camp||10.11–15.12.1942||10.11.1942||Between November 10 and December 15, 9,320 Jews from Knyszyn (1,300), Gródek Białostocki (1,380), Łapy (450), Choroszcz (440), Michałów (750), Sokołów (850), Supraśl (170), Wasilków (1180), Zabłudów (1400), Kleszczele (400) and Milejczyce (1000) were transported to Treblinka from the complex of areas located around Białystok (being a transit camp).
|Choroszcz, Gródek Białostocki, Kleszczele, Knyszyn, Łapy, Michałowo, Milejczyce, Orla, Sidra, Sokołów, Sokoły, Supraśl, Suraż, Wasilków, Zabłudów||Bialystok Choroszcz Grodek Bialostocki Kleszczele Knyszyn Lapy Michalowo Milejczyce Orla Sidra Sokolow Sokoly Suprasl Suraz Wasilkow Zabludow|
|381||Bielsk Podlaski||02-11.11.1942||02.11.1942||0||1. During the Soviet occupation, there were ca. 6,000 Jews in the town, many of them refugees from Nazi-occupied territories. Germans entered Bielsk Podlaski on 24–25 June 1941 and established a ghetto. Its population included not only local Jews but also people from nearby localities, e.g. Narew and Orla. There is no exact data concerning the number of people imprisoned in the ghetto – according to post-war estimates, it may have comprised 3,000–5,000 prisoners, while accounts of survivors provide numbers in the range of 5,000–6,000. The ghetto was liquidated on 2–7 November 1942, with all local Jews transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka. Each day of the liquidation process, the Germans would send a transport of 1,000 people to the camp. On 6 November 1942, a group of 200 Jews was sent to the ghetto in Białystok.
2. Between November 2 and November 15, 1942, Jews from the Bielsk district were gradually transported to Treblinka, gathering those from smaller towns in two collective ghettos - in Bielsk Podlaski and Siemiatycze. On Tuesday, November 3, the Jews from Orla were rushed to Bielsko. On Wednesday, November 4, Jews from Rudka and Narew were driven in, and on Thursday, November 5, Jews from Brańsk. There were also Jews from Bociek and (probably) on November 5, 1942 - from Kleszczele and Milejczyce. In the collective ghetto that became Bielsk Podlaski, there were 11,000-15,000 Jews. During the two weeks of deportation, about 1,000 people were transported from there daily to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
"Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski", pod red. Barbary Engelking i Jana Grabowskiego, t.I, s. 111-112.
3. From the ghetto in Bielsk Podlaski, where there were 7,000 local Jews, and 4,000 from the surrounding towns (Boćki, Brańsk, Narew, Orla), from 2 to 11.11.1942, 11 transports left for Treblinka, 1,000 people in each transport.
|Boćki, Brańsk, Kleszczele, Narew, Milejczyce, Orla, Rudka||Bielsk Podlaski Narew Rudka Orla Bransk Bocki Bialystok Siemiatycze Kleszczele Milejczyce|
|382||Bielsk Podlaski||Pietrasze||February 1943||28.02.1943||100||After the liquidation of the ghetto, which was carried out on November 2-7, 1942, only a group of 48-49 shoemakers and their families were left in the city. In January 1943, they were resettled to Pietraszy near Białystok. In February 1943, the craftsmen's wives and children were transported to Treblinka; gradually, they too ended up in Majdanek or Auschwitz.
|Bielsk Podlaski Pietrasze|
|383||Bieżuń||Mława, Szreńsk, Strzegowo||November 1942 - Auschwitz and Treblinka||22.07.1942||After the outbreak of the Second World War a ghetto was established. Some of the Jews displaced from Bieżuń were later sent to the ghettos in Mława, Szreńsk and Legionowo. In the early days of January, 1942 the inhabitants of Bieżuń ghetto were deported to the ghetto in Strzegów. After the ghettos were all liquidated in 1942, the Jews were deported to extermination camps.
|Biezun Mlawa Szrensk Strzegowo|
|384||Bliżyn||24.08.1942||24.08.1942||Suchedniów||21.09.1942||21.09.1942||600||1. On August 24, 1942, Jews from the Bliżyn ghetto (about 600 people) marched on foot under escort to Suchedniów, where a collection point for their deportation to the Treblinka extermination camp was set up at the railway station.
2. The liquidation of the ghetto in Bliżyn took place on August 24. About 600 Jews were resettled to the collective ghetto in Suchedniów. About 30 Jews were killed during the action. On September 21, the Jews from Bliżyn, together with other Jews staying in Suchedniów (about 3,500 people), were transported to the Treblinka extermination camp.
|Opatów, Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski||Blizyn Suchedniow Opatow Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski|
|385||Błędów||25-26.02.1941||25.02.1941||Warsaw||22.07-21.09.1942||22.07.1942||On February 21, 1941, 2,800 Jews inhabitants of Warka and the surrounding area were expelled to Warsaw. On the next day - Jews from Mogielnica. The Jews of Grójec were deported two days later. Next two days - Jews from Góra Kalwaria, Błędów and Tarczyn.
|Bledow Warsaw Warka Mogielnica Grojec Gora Kalwaria Bledow Tarczyn|
|386||Błonie||17–19.02.1941||17.02.1941||Warsaw||22.07-21.09.1942||22.07.1942||2.100||1. The Germans established a ghetto in Błonie in November 1941. Its population amounted to ca. 2,100 people. About 900 refugees (including 150 children) from Łódź, Kowel, Iłów, Lubień, Konstantynów and Aleksandrów Kujawski stayed in Błonie. They were looked after by the Jewish Social Self-Help Committee established by the American Joint Distribution Committee in Warsaw. The ghetto was liquidated on 17–19 February 1941. All of its prisoners were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto and later sent to the Nazi death camp in Treblinka.
2. Jews from Grodzisk Mazowiecki were transported from the Sochaczew-Błonie county in cattle wagons (until February 14), from Sochaczew in two consecutive days, and the deportation from Błonie was completed on February 19, 1941.
|Łódź, Kowel, Iłów, Lubień, Konstantynów, Aleksandrów Kujawski||Blonie Warsaw Lodz Kowel Ilow Lubien Konstantynow Aleksandrow Kujawski Grodzisk Mazowiecki Sochaczew|
|387||Boćki||02.11.1942||02.11.1942||Bielsk Podlaski||02-11.11.1942||02.11.1942||600||1.On 2 November 1942, Germans deported most of the Jewish people from Boćków to Biała Podlaska, where they stayed for two weeks and were then sent to the Nazi extermination camp in Treblinka
2. Between November 2 and November 15, 1942, Jews from the Bielsk district were gradually transported to Treblinka, gathering those from smaller towns in two collective ghettos - in Bielsk Podlaski and Siemiatycze. On Tuesday, November 3, the Jews from Orla were rushed to Bielsko. On Wednesday, November 4, Jews from Rudka and Narew were driven in, and on Thursday, November 5, Jews from Brańsk. There were also Jews from Bociek and (probably) on November 5, 1942 - from Kleszczele and Milejczyce. In the collective ghetto that became Bielsk Podlaski, there were 11,000-15,000 people. Jews. During the two weeks of deportation, about 1,000 people were transported from there daily to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
"Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski", pod red. Barbary Engelking i Jana Grabowskiego, t.I, s. 111-112
|Bocki Bielsk Podlaski Siemiatycze Orla Rudka Narew Bransk Kleszczele Milejczyce|
|388||Bodzentyn||19 or 21.09.1942||19.09.1942||Suchedniów (train station)||21 or 22.09.1942||21.09.1942||4.000||1. In 1940, a ghetto was established in Bodzentyn. Its population increased from 1,000 in 1939 to 3,700 in 1941. This was due to the influx of Jews from other localities, even from as far as Płock. Among the prisoners of the ghetto was the family of Dawid Rubinowicz, author of Pamiętnik. Towards the end of 1942, all Jews residing in Bodzentyn were rushed to the train station in Suchedniów. They were loaded on cattle cars lined with lime and sent via Małkinia to the death camp in Treblinka, where they were murdered in gas chambers.
2. On September 21, the Jews from the town of Bodzentyn were transported to the assembly point in Suchedniów, from where, on September 22, the day before the action in Szydłowiec, four thousand people were sent to the Treblinka gas chambers.
Christopher R. Browning, "Memory of Survival. ", Wołowiec 2012, pp. 117–118.
3. Icchak Arad gives the date of deportation from Bodzentyn as October 3, 1942.
Icchak Arad, "Obozy śmierci akcji 'Reinhardt'. Bełżec, Sobibór, Treblinka.", Warszawa 2021, s. 648
|Krajno, Płock, Daleszyce, Nowa Słupia||In the months leading up to the September 19 deportation, Jews from neighboring villages and towns, including Krajno, but also from Plock, were resettled in the Bodzentyn ghetto.
|Bodzentyn Suchedniow Krajno Plock Daleszyce Nowa Slupia Szydlowiec|
|389||Bogoria||end of October or November 1942||30.10.1942||600||1. In November 1942, Germans liquidated the ghetto in Bogoria. All its inhabitants were transported to the German Nazi death camps in Treblinka and Belzec.
2. At the end of October, the ghetto in Bogoria was liquidated. About 600 Jews were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|390||Bogusze - transit camp||10.11–15.12.1942||10.11.1942||A transit camp was set up in Bogusze. Between November 10 and December 15, 9,100 Jews from the Bogusze camp complex were transported to Treblinka from: Goniądz (1,300), Trzcianne (1,200), Augustów (2,000), Grajewo (2,500), Rajgród (600) and Szczuczyn (1,500).
|Augustów, Goniądz, Grajewo, Radziłów, Rajgród, Szczuczyn, Trzcianne||Bogusze Augustow Goniadz Grajewo Radzilow Rajgrod Szczuczyn Trzcianne|
|391||Brańsk||02-07.11.1942||02.11.1942||Bielsk Podlaski||09.11.1942||09.11.1942||3.000||1. Soon after the outbreak of the German-Russian war, in autumn 1941, the Nazis organized a ghetto where they gathered about 3,000 Jews and made them produce rubber shoes (so called “valenki”, i.e. felt shoes). The ghetto’s dissolution lasted from 2 to 7 November 1942. Dozens of Jews managed to escape, but unfortunately they were captured and murdered in the area of the cemetery on November 16, 1942. The majority of Brańsk Jews died in the death camp in Treblinka.
2. The final liquidation of the ghetto in Brańsk took place on November 7, 1942. Early in the morning on that day, peasants from the area came to Brańsk in carts (they had received such an order) in order to transport the Jews to the nearby ghetto in Bielsk Podlaski. From there, on November 9, they were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
3. Between November 2 and November 15, 1942, Jews from the Bielsk district were gradually transported to Treblinka, gathering those from smaller towns in two collective ghettos - in Bielsk Podlaski and Siemiatycze. On Tuesday, November 3, the Jews from Orla were rushed to Bielsko. On Wednesday, November 4, Jews from Rudka and Narew were driven in, and on Thursday, November 5, Jews from Brańsk. There were also Jews from Bociek and (probably) on November 5, 1942 - from Kleszczele and Milejczyce. In the collective ghetto that became Bielsk Podlaski, there were 11,000-15,000 people. Jews. During the two weeks of deportation, about 1,000 people were transported from there daily to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
"Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski", pod red. Barbary Engelking i Jana Grabowskiego, t.I, s. 111-112
|Bransk Bielsk Podlaski Orla Rudka Narew Kleszczele Milejczyce Siemiatycze|
|392||Brok||1942||01.09.1942||German forces entered Brok on 8 September 1939. Most wooden buildings in the town (including the synagogue) were burned down. Many people died in the fire, among them 40 Jews. Some Jewish people who tried to flee the town were caught and chased until they reached Ostrowa Mazowiecka and Komorów. After two weeks, however, they returned to Brok. During the German occupation of the town, persecution of Jews and mass executions were an everyday occurrence. About one third of all Jewish inhabitants of Brok fled to areas controlled by the Soviet Union, where they were murdered after the German army took control over the area. In 1942, Germans sent all of the Jews who still remained in Brok to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|Brok Ostrow Mazowiecka Komorow|
|393||Brzostowica Wielka||end of June 1941||30.06.1941||Krynki, Kiełbasin, Łosośna (train station)||14.11.1942||14.11.1942||500||On September 2, 1942, all prisoners of Krynki ghetto were sent to a temporary camp in Kiełbasin. The elderly, sick, women and children were transported on carts; the others went on foot. Kept in Kiełbasin, they were forced to dig ditches in clay soil. German commander Rintzler and his crew tormented the prisoners and often murdered them. Many were infected with typhus; there was hunger, cold and illnesses. On November 14, 1942, Jews from Brzostowica Wielka - a total of about 500 people, together with a group of Jews from Krynki, were taken from the railway station in Łosośna to the German Nazi extermination camp in Treblinka.
|Upon German occupation, at the end of June 1941, Germans with the help of local anti-Semites drove older Jews to Krynki. The rest was transferred to the so-called ‘Jewish street’ (according to some historians - also moved to Wołkowysk - Vawkavysk). They were subjected to many restrictions and sent to forced labour. At the turn of winter and spring of 1942, a pogrom was carried out in the town, perpetrated by German soldiers from the garrison in Hołynka, during which 411 people - 87 families were murdered.
|Brzostowica Wielka Krynki Kielbasin Lososna Wolkowysk Holynka|
|394||Busko Zdrój||03/04.10.1942||03.10.1942||Pińczów, Jędrzejów||05.10.1942||05.10.1942||2.000||1. On 1st October 1942, the ghetto was surrounded by military police units. On the day of their deportation, Jews were ordered to leave their homes within five minutes and line up in rows of 10 abreast. Children and older people were killed on the spot (children were murdered by slamming their heads against a wall, while the elderly were shot). Those who were found in hiding spots were immediately shot. Jews were ordered to march to Jędrzejów (38 kilometres away) and, from there, they were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp
2. On October 1, a liquidation operation took place in Busko-Zdrój. The column of Jews went to the railway station in Jędrzejów, stopping along the way in Pińczów, where a selection of Jews for one of the labor camps was carried out.
3. The displacement of all Jews from Busko Zdrój took place on the night of October 3/4, 1942. They were all taken to prepared carts and transported to Pińczów. On October 5, 1942, the Germans, after gathering all the Jews from Busko Zdrój, Pińczów and Wiślica, rushed on foot towards Jędrzejów.
"21 AP Kielce 347 Prokuratoria Generalna RP - Zespół Delegacyjny w Kielcach, sygn 532 Zg 15/47"
|Płock||Busko Zdroj Pinczow Jedrzejow Plock Wislica|
|395||Chęciny||Wolica (train station)||12.09.1942||12.09.1942||4.000||1. In mid-1941 a ghetto was established in the area between the following streets: Łokietka, Długa, Bolechowska, Radkowska and Kielecka. All Jews living in Chęciny and its neighbouring villages such as Jędrzejów, Małogoszcz and Sobków were confined there. Altogether, the ghetto held 7,300 people. In autumn 1942, the ghetto inmates were rushed to the railway station in Wolica and from there taken to extermination camps. The sick, disabled and children were shot on the spot in an orchard by the station.
2. On September 12, 4,000 Jews from the ghetto in Chęciny (including 919 from Łopuszno resettled here in September) were led in a column to the Wolica railway station and sent to Treblinka.
3. On September 12, 1942, the Germans began the liquidation of the ghetto with the help of local police and gendarmerie officers and reinforcements from Kielce. The inhabitants were herded into one place, forming columns and directing them to the railway station in Wolica, several kilometers away. They were then transported in freight wagons to the extermination camp in Treblinka, where they mostly died.
|Jędrzejów, Łopuszno, Małogoszcz, Sobków||Checiny Wolica Jedrzejow Lopuszno Malogoszcz Sobkow Kielce|
|396||Chmielnik||06.10.1942||06.10.1942||Chęciny||ca. 10.10.1942||10.10.1942||9.000||1. In October 1942, about 13,000 people were forced into the ghetto. On 1 October 1942, approximately 1,000 young men and women were forcibly displaced to the temporary labour camp in Skarżysko-Kamienna. [...] The first deportation took place on 6 October 1942. People were sent in the direction of Chęciny. Most of them went on foot, only some on wagons. On that day, the Germans killed about 200 people and more than 9,000 people were deported.
2. On October 6, a liquidation operation took place in Chmielnik. After rounding up the Jews to the cattle market, peeling them and carrying out a selection, groups of Jews were led from late afternoon to the town of Chęciny, located 40 km from Chmielnik, where there was a railway station. From there they were transported to Treblinka.
3. The deportation action of the ghetto in Chmielnik was carried out in three phases. On October 1, 1942, the Germans ordered men between the ages of 16 and 45 and all unmarried women to arrive at the market square at 6 am. As a result of the selection, about 1,200 Jews were sent to the Hasag labor camp in Skarżysko-Kamienna. On October 3, 1942, 1,270 Jews from Szydłów, Pierzchnica, Piotrkowice, Bogucice and Pińczów were deported to Chmielnik. On October 5, 1942, SS units from Radom, Kielce and Busko-Zdrój arrived in Chmielnik, supported by auxiliary units of Ukrainians, Lithuanians and Latvians. All Jews were summoned to appear at 8 am in the cattle market, located 2 km from the town. Around 2 pm, the Germans started the selection. From the afternoon until late at night, the Jews were led out of the assembly point on foot and directed to the town of Chęciny, about 45 km away. After a few days, 8,000 Jews were transported to the German extermination camp in Treblinka. During the deportation operation, numerous murders took place in Chmielnik. The Germans then murdered 200 to 500 people. The majority of them were elderly, infirm and children. Numerous crimes were committed at the Jewish cemetery in Chmielnik.
|Bogucice, Gnojno, Pierzchnica, Pińczów, Piotrkowice, Płock, Szydłów||Chmielnik Checiny Bogucice Gnojno Pierzchnica Pinczow Piotrkowice Plock Szydlow Skarzysko Kamienna Radom Kielce Busko Zdroj|
|397||Chmielnik||05.11.1942||05.11.1942||Stopnica||16.11.1942||16.11.1942||700||1. During the second deportation, which took place on 16 November 1942, about 700 people were taken in the direction of Stopnica.
2. The second deportation from Chmielnik took place on November 5, 1942. Most of the Jews were sent to Stopnica, from where they were transported to Treblinka together with the Jews from Stopnica.
|Płock||Chmielnik Stopnica Plock|
|398||Chmielnik||10.12.1942||10.12.1942||Staszów, Sandomierz||10.12.1942||10.12.1942||200||1. During the third action - on 10 December 1942 - about 200 people were sent in the direction of Staszów.
2. On December 20, 1942, the third and final deportation was carried out in Chmielnik. The local gendarmes transported the Jews of Chmielnik to Sandomierz [or on December 10 to Staszów, and from there to Sandomierz]. During the third action, Wolf Koifman threw himself at one of the SS men, trying to strangle him. He was shot by an SS man standing nearby.
|Płock||Chmielnik Staszow Sandomierz Plock|
|399||Choroszcz||02.11.1942||02.11.1942||Białystok||10.11-15.12.1942||10.11.1942||500||1. During World War II, after two years of Soviet occupation, German troops entered the town on 26 October 1941. The Nazis formed a Judenrat and imposed the obligation of forced labour on the Jewish population. On 2 November 1942, the Jews of Choroszcz were deported to the ghetto in Białystok, to the former Polish cavalry barracks. From there, they were driven to the Nazi German extermination camp in Treblinka.
2. Between November 10 and December 15, Jews from Choroszcz (440) were deported from the complex of areas around Białystok to Treblinka.
|400||Chorzele||08.12.1941||08.12.1941||Maków Mazowiecki, Mława||November 1942||30.11.1942||450||The Jews living in Chorzele were gradually sent to other ghettos. There were 450 Chorzele Jews in the Warsaw ghetto. The others were sent to Maków Mazowiecki, Legionowo and Węgrowo. The ghetto was finally eliminated on December 8th, 1941. The remaining inhabitants were deported to the Maków Mazowiecki ghetto, where they remained untill November, 1942. They were then sent to the intermediate camp in Mława, where they awaited transports to extermination camps in Treblinka and Auschwitz.
|Chorzele Makow Mazowiecki Mlawa Warsaw Legionowo Wegrow|
|401||Chotcza||September 1942||30.09.1942||Tarłów||29.10.1942||29.10.1942||400||In September 1942, the Jews from Chotcza were resettled to Tarłów, and from there, on October 29, 1942, they were transported to Treblinka. Tarłów was a concentration point for Jews in the Starachowice poviat, before their deportation to Treblinka.
|402||Ciechanowiec||Czyżew (train station)||02.11.1942||02.11.1942||3.300||1. The first large ghetto liquidation action was held on 2 November 1942, when the majority of its inhabitants were transported to the concentration camp in Treblinka.
2. At the same time (from November 2, 1942), Jews were deported from small towns in the Bielsk district, located near Treblinka - Ciechanowiec and Siemiatycze. Everyone was rushed to the railway station in Czyżewo, 20 km away.
3. "On November 2, 1942, it was decided to finally liquidate the ghetto in Ciechanowiec. At 5 o'clock in the morning, the murderers surrounded the ghetto. They announced that they would lead us to work. However, no one believed this lie, because there was no doubt that it was a Nazi extermination plan. We knew that we are setting off on a journey of no return [...] On that day, our dearest ones were lined up, led to Czyżew station, and from there to the extermination camp in Treblinka."
"Księga pamięci gminy żydowskiej w Ciechanowcu", Łomża 2020, s. 398
|Zaręby, Czyżewo||On 22 June 1941 Ciechanowiec was once again bombarded and invaded by the German army. In October of the same year, the Germans established ghetto, which, during the winter of 1941/1942, housed about 4000 people, including Jews from Ciechanowiec, refugees, and inhabitants of the neighboring towns of Zaręby and Czyżewo. During a mass execution on 31 October 1942 in nearby Pobikry, the Germans killed 250 men and 35 women from the Ciechanowiec ghetto.
|Ciechanowiec Czyzew Zareby Czyzewo Pobikry Siemiatycze|
|403||Ciechanowiec||Czyżew (train station)||12-15.11.1942||12.11.1942||The final liquidation of the ghetto was carried out on 12-15 November 1942, when the last Jews were transported to the railway station in Czyżewo, from where they were taken to the camps in Treblinka and Majdanek near Lublin.
|Ciechanowiec Czyzew Lublin|
|404||Ciepielów||24.10.1942||24.10.1942||Tarłów||29.10.1942||29.10.1942||600||1. During World War II, in September 1939, Ciepielów was occupied by the German Army. In December 1941, a ghetto was established here, with about 600 Jews gathered in it. In October 1942 all the Jews were taken through Tarłów to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
2. On October 24, a liquidation operation took place in Ciepielów. After the selection, 50 Jews, including women, were sent to the Dęblin–Stawy labor camp. The remaining Jews (550-600) were sent to the ghetto in the village of Tarłów, where several thousand Jews from the surrounding towns were to be gathered. The ghetto in Tarłów was liquidated on October 29.
|Ciepielow Tarlow Deblin Stawy|
|405||Czemierniki||late October/early November 1942||30.10.1942||Parczew||19-20.08.1942||19.08.1942||1.000||Following the outbreak of the Second World War, many Jews escaped from Czemierniki to the Soviet Union. Around 700 Jewish inhabitants remained in the village. In the spring of 1940, a ghetto was formed. Apart from Czemierniki’s population, a big group of refugees from other centers, 1,000 people altogether, was placed in the ghetto. In 1942, the Nazis shot 36 Jews and a year later 35; they were accused of helping the partisans. At the turn of October and November 1942, Jews were deported from Czemierniki to the Parczew ghetto, from where they were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp
|406||Częstochowa||21.09-07.10.1942||21.09.1942||40||1. Following the ghetto's establishment, Germans began deporting Jewish workers to construction sites of defensive fortifications along the border between the General Government and the Soviet Union. Subsequent transports were directed to ammunition factories in Skarżysko-Kamienna and Bliżyn. Altogether, 3,000 Jews were deported from Częstochowa in 1941. On 22 September 1942, Germans initiated the liquidation of the ghetto. This operation ended on 8 October 1942. Over that period, 38,250 Jews were deported to the Treblinka extermination camp, and 2,000 people were shot and buried in mass graves at Kawia Street. In November 1942, the remaining 5,000–6,000 people were moved into the so-called "Small Ghetto".
2. The liquidation of the Częstochowa ghetto began on September 21, on Yom Kippur. [...] 300 people considered able to work were selected, and the rest were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp. On that day, about 7,000 people were sent from the Częstochowa Zawodzie-Dębie station to the Treblinka camp. About 200 people were shot on the spot. Further deportations took place on 25–26 and 29–30 September. The Jews were told that they would be deported to labor camps, so they turned up for the meeting themselves. The trains took everyone to the Treblinka extermination camp. On October 4, a transport with many members of the Judenrat and the Jewish police with their families was dispatched. On October 7, the last of the five trains left for the Treblinka camp. It stopped in Koniecpol, where another 1,500 people were crammed into the wagons. It is estimated that there were about 130 people in each of the wagons.
3. The Częstochowa ghetto was liquidated during several actions over the two weeks between September 22 and October 7, 1942. In total, about 30,000 people were transported to Treblinka. Jews.
Icchak Arad, "Obozy śmierci akcji 'Reinhardt'. Bełżec, Sobibór, Treblinka.", Warszawa 2021, s. 140
4. Document Fahrplananordnung No. 594, Generaldirektion der Ostbahn (Kraków, September 21, 1942). The train ran on the Częstochowa-Treblinka route. It left Częstochowa on September 22, September 25, September 28, October 1, October 4 and October 7 at 12:29 pm and via Koluszki, Warsaw Gdańska and Małkinia reached Treblinka the next day at 5:25 am. It returned the next day at 10:10 am, reaching Częstochowa at 0:19. Each train had 58 freight cars and 2 passenger cars.
|Kraków, Łęczyca, Łódź, Opatów, Płock, Radomsko, Truskolasy, Warsaw||Czestochowa Krakow Leczyca Lodz Opatow Plock Radomsko Truskolasy Warsaw Skarzysko Kamienna Blizyn Koniecpol Koluszki Malkinia|
|407||Częstochowa||04.01.1943||04.01.1943||350||1. The selection in the "small ghetto" in Częstochowa took place on January 4, 1943: about 350 women and children were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp, and 200 others were murdered on Kawia Street. In March, another 130 people were shot at the Jewish cemetery.
2. From the beginning of 1943, they carried out a series of selections amongst the Jewish population. Some Jews were deported to the ghetto in Radomsko and to the forced labour camp in Bliżyn. People unfit for work (the elderly and children) were shot. These activities made way for the final liquidation of the “Small Ghetto,” which was initiated on 26 June 1943. The operation met with resistance and on the part of the members of the Jewish Combat Organisation. Clashes between Jewish and German forces ended with German victory on 30 June 1943; ca. 500 Jews were burned alive inside the ghetto.
|Czestochowa Radomsko Blizyn|
|408||Ćmielów||Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski (train station)||15 or 16.10.1942||15.10.1942||1.500||1. Upon the liquidation of the ghetto in October 1942, 24 people were shot dead and the others were sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
2. Probably on October 15 [or 16], the Ćmielów ghetto was liquidated. Jews from Ćmielów (900–1500) were added to the column of Jews coming from the liquidated ghetto in Iwaniska on the same day (October 15). Jews from Ćmielów and Iwanisk were taken to Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, from where they were transported to Treblinka.
|Iwaniska, Klimontów||Cmielow Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski Iwaniska Klimontow|
|409||Daleszyce||September 1942||30.09.1942||Bodzentyn||21 or 22.09.1942||21.09.1942||In September 1942, almost all Jews from Daleszyce were deported to the ghetto in Bodzentyn and later sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|410||Darmstadt, Germany||02.10.1942||02.10.1942||883||The special train (“Sonderzug”) “Da 84”, ordered by the RSHA from the Reichsbahn, was initially designated “Da 15”. It was scheduled to leave Darmstadt on June 30 for Izbica in the Lublin district (General Government). However, on June 11, the Gestapo and the German National Train Directorate (Reichsbahndirektion) were informed that the transport to the General Government was to be postponed. The tracks between Lublin and Chelm had broken down and were undergoing repairs. This led to a temporary halt of all deportations to Sobibór between late July and September. According to documents from the Reichsbahn General Management East (Generalbetriebsleitung Ost), the planned transport from Darmstadt was relabeled “Da 84” and rescheduled for August 21, 1942. Its destination was also changed to Parczew, a town in the Lublin district that served as a transit ghetto. For unknown reasons, the transport was delayed again and it only left Darmstadt on September 30. Instead of going to Parczew, it seems that the train went directly to the Treblinka extermination camp.
|Allendorf, Alzey, Amberg, Angenrod, Annweiler, Aschaffenburg, Assenheim, Bad Kissingen, Bad Nauheim, Berlin, Beuern, Bingen, Bobenhausen, Bruchenbruecken, Bucheimweb, Buedesheim, Butzbach, Darmstadt, Dietesheim, Duisburg, Echzell, Erbes-Buedesheim, Fauerbach, Flonheim, Frankfurt am Main, Friedberg, Fuerfeld, G.-Wieseck, Gambach, Giessen, Gonzenheim, Gross Karben, Gruenberg, Hanau, Hausen, Hechtsheim, Heldenbergen, Hessen, Heuchelheim, Heusenstamm, Hoechst, Holzheim, Hungen, Illingen, Ingelheim, Inheiden, Kestrich, Kirtorf, Klein Auheim, Koeln, Lampertheim, Langgoens, Laubach, Leihgestern, Leipzig, Lich, Lohra, Lollar, Londorf, Mainz, Mainzlar, Mannheim, Muehlheim, Muenzenberg, Neu Isenburg, Nieder Florstadt, Nieder Woellstadt, Nierstein, Nordrach, Ober Erlenbach, Offenbach, Pfungstadt, Planig, Ranstadt, Reichelsheim Odenwald, Reiskirchen, Ruppertsburg, Schotten, Seeheim, Seligenstadt, Siefersheim, Speyer, Sprendlingen, Staufenberg, Strassburg, Themar, Treis, Wallertheim, Watzenborn, Weiskirchen, Wetzlar, Wiesbaden, Woellstein, Woerrstadt, Wohnbach, Wolfersheim, Worms||Darmstadt Germany Allendorf Alzey Amberg Angenrod Annweiler Aschaffenburg Assenheim Bad Kissingen Bad Nauheim Berlin Beuern Bingen Bobenhausen Bruchenbruecken Bucheimweb Buedesheim Butzbach Darmstadt Dietesheim Duisburg Echzell Erbes Buedesheim Fauerbach Flonheim Frankfurt am Main Friedberg Fuerfeld G. Wieseck Gambach Giessen Gonzenheim Gross Karben Gruenberg Hanau Hausen Hechtsheim Heldenbergen Hessen Heuchelheim Heusenstamm Hoechst Holzheim Hungen Illingen Ingelheim Inheiden Kestrich Kirtorf Klein Auheim Koeln Lampertheim Langgoens Laubach Leihgestern Leipzig Lich Lohra Lollar Londorf Mainz Mainzlar Mannheim Muehlheim Muenzenberg Neu Isenburg Nieder Florstadt Nieder Woellstadt Nierstein Nordrach Ober Erlenbach Offenbach Pfungstadt Planig Ranstadt Reichelsheim Odenwald Reiskirchen Ruppertsburg Schotten Seeheim Seligenstadt Siefersheim Speyer Sprendlingen Staufenberg Strassburg Themar Treis Wallertheim Watzenborn Weiskirchen Wetzlar Wiesbaden Woellstein Woerrstadt Wohnbach Wolfersheim Worms Lublin Chelmno Parczew|
|411||Dąbrowa Białostocka||02.11.1942||02.11.1942||Kiełbasin||14.12.1942||14.12.1942||1.000||Liquidation of the ghetto took place on 2nd November 1942. The Jews, who remained alive, were forced to march to the transit camp in Kiełbasin (28 kilometres from Dąbrowa). Those who could not keep up with the pace were shot on the spot. Later, the Jews of Dąbrowa were transported to the death camp at Treblinka.
|Dabrowa Bialostocka Kielbasin|
|412||Dęblin-Irena||15.10.1942||15.10.1942||2.500||1. On May 6, 1942 the most local Jews were transported to the death camp in Sobibór. The Dęblin Ghetto was later used by Germans to imprison Jews deported from Bobroniki, Stężyca, Ryki, and Slovakia. The ghetto was soon converted into a labour camp. Its prisoners worked in the town and at the nearby airport until the liquidation of the camp on 15 October 1942, when they were transported to the Treblinka II extermination camp.
2. On October 15, the liquidation action in the Dęblin-Irena ghetto took place. 2,500 Jews were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka from the Dęblin railway station. Most of them were Jews from abroad (Slovakia).
3. In October 1942, Jews from Dęblin were deported, most of whom were Slovak Jews from Prešov, who had been transported five months earlier to replace local Jews sent to Sobibór. In total, 7,000 people were sent to Treblinka. Slovak Jews.
Dariusz Libionka "Zagłada Żydów w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie. Zarys problematyki", Lublin 2017, s. 175–176.
|Bobrowniki, Stężyca, Ryki, Slovakia||Deblin Irena Bobrowniki Stezyca Ryki Presov Slovakia|
|413||Dęblin-Irena||28.10.1942||28.10.1942||1.000||On October 28, the third liquidation operation took place in Dęblin-Irena (the previous one took place on October 15). It was also the end of the ghetto in Dęblin-Irena. About 2,800 Jews still in the ghetto were taken to a nearby labor camp. During this action, about 1,000 Jews were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
|414||Dobre||Mińsk Mazowiecki (train station)||15.09.1942||15.09.1942||1.200||1. The Jewish community of Dobre ceased to exist on 15 September 1942. The Germans deported local Jews to the concentration camp in Treblinka.
2. On September 15, the ghetto in Dobre was liquidated. This district, founded in November 1940, included Mickiewicza Street and part of the Ringplatz, from which the gate to the interior of the ghetto led. It was inhabited by about 1200 people. Due to the fact that Dobre did not have its own railway connection, the Jewish inhabitants of the ghetto were rushed to the station in Mińsk Mazowiecki and from there they were sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka. To facilitate the deportation, women with small children were transported in horse-drawn carts.
Jacek Andrzej Młynarczyk, „Akcja Reinhard” w gettach prowincjonalnych dystryktu warszawskiego 1942–1943, [w:] "Prowincja noc. Życie i zagłada Żydów w dystrykcie warszawskim", red. Barbara Engelking, Jacek Leociak, Dariusz Libionka, Warszawa 2007, s. 66.
|Serock, Wyszków||Dobre Minsk Mazowiecki Serock Wyszkow|
|415||Drama, Greece||28.03.1943||28.03.1943||607||The deportation of some 600 Jews from Drama was part of a pattern that also encompassed Jews from other cities in northern Greece, an area under Bulgarian control at the time. On March 4, 1943, Drama was surrounded by Bulgarian army forces. In the early hours of the morning, seventy-seven three-man squads (police and soldiers) fanned out among the homes of the city’s Jewish population. They gave the occupants 30 minutes to prepare and then marched them to the Monopol tobacco warehouse, which the Bulgarian authorities had reconfigured as a detention camp. Immediately upon entering the warehouse the Jews underwent a body search in which all the currency and valuables they had brought with were seized. Over the next two days, the Jews of Drama were loaded onto two freight trains bound for Bulgaria. The Jews of Drama were taken to the city of Gorna Dzhumaya, where they joined the Jews of Drama and Seres who had arrived the day before. There, they were interned in two local schools and a tobacco warehouse. They remained there in packed, harsh conditions for almost two weeks, together with Jews who had been transported from elsewhere. On March 18-19, all the Jews, including those from Drama, were forced onto two trains, which took them to the port city of Lom, in northern Bulgaria. There, they were herded onto four barges which carried them across the Danube to Vienna, Austria. Probably the Jews from Drama were on the third barge, called "Saturnus," which left Lom on March 21 with around 1,250 deportees. On the barge, command of the deportees was transferred from Bulgarian to German police. According to a report of two Bulgarian physicians who accompanied the barge the journey on the “Saturnus” lasted for five days. In Vienna, all the Jews were transferred to trains that took them to the Treblinka extermination camp. Immediately upon arrival all of them were thrust into the gas chambers. The transport left on March 5-6, 1943; route: Drama - Sidirokastro - Simitli - Gorna Dzhumaya - Lom (by ship till 21.03.1943) - Vienna - Treblinka.
|Komotini, Alexandroupoli||Drama Komotini Alexandroupoli Gorna Dzhumaya Seres Vienna|
|416||Drohiczyn||02 or 05.11.1942||02.11.1942||Siemiatycze (train station)||02 or 05.11.1942||02.11.1942||700||1. In 1939, Drohiczyn was taken over by the Soviets. On 22 June 1941 – the first day of war between the Third Reich and the USSR – the synagogue of Drohiczyn was set on fire. When Germans took control over the town, they forced ca. 700 people to move into the ghetto. On 2 November 1942, the ghetto was liquidated and the Jewish population was sent to Siemiatycze and, subsequently, to the death camp in Treblinka.
2. On November 5, 1942, the population was resettled to the ghetto in Siemiatycze and from there to Treblinka.
"Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski", pod red. Barbary Engelking i Jana Grabowskiego, t.I, s. 100
|City||Date of resettlement||City to which resettled||Date of transport to Treblinka||Number of deportees||Cities from which resettled|
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